Selective and potent inhibition of different hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activities by omega,omega,omega-triphenylalcohols and UDP derivatives.. M Said; D Noort; J Magdalou; J C Ziegler; G A van der Marel; J H van Boom; G J Mulder; G Siest (1992) Biochemical and biophysical research communications display abstract
A homologous series of omega,omega,omega-triphenylalcohols and corresponding omega,omega,omega-triphenylalkyl-UDP derivatives was synthesized and tested as inhibitors of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) activity in rat liver microsomes, with 1-naphthol, testosterone and bilirubin as substrates. Introduction of the UDP moiety in the triphenylalcohols increased their inhibition potency markedly toward the isoforms which glucuronidate 1-naphthol and testosterone, but strongly decreased that toward bilirubin. The inhibiting potency of the UDP-derivatives increased as a function of the length of the hydrocarbon chain. The best inhibitor 7,7,7-triphenylheptyl-UDP showed an I50 of 30 and 10 microM for 1-naphthol and testosterone glucuronidation, respectively; even a 1 mM concentration of the compound had little, if any, effect on bilirubin glucuronidation. The inhibition by 7,7,7-triphenylheptyl-UDP was mixed-type toward 1-naphthol, and non competitive toward testosterone (apparent K(i) 30 microM and 1.7 microM, respectively); on the other hand, the inhibition was competitive toward the common substrate UDP-glucuronic acid (apparent K(i) 1.9-1.2 microM). In addition, 7,7,7-triphenylheptyl-UDP (0.25-0.50 mM) almost inhibited glucuronidation of 1-naphthol and testosterone catalyzed by the recombinant rat liver UGT-2B1 and human liver UGT-1A1, whose cDNA has been expressed in V79 cells. In conclusion, the data indicate that 7,7,7-triphenyheptyl-UDP interacted competitively with the UDP binding site of UGT. The results also indicate that it is possible to design transition state analogue inhibitors with specificity for different UGT forms.