Cloricromene in endotoxemia: role of NF-kappaB.. A Ianaro; P Maffia; G Grassia; P Di Meglio; R Sorrentino; R d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca; M Di Rosa; A Ialenti (2004) Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology display abstract
In this study we investigated, for the first time in vivo, the effect of cloricromene, a cumarine derivative, on NF-kappaB activation in endotoxin-treated rats. Endotoxemia was induced in male rats by the intravenous injection of Salmonella typhosa lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 2 mg/kg/i.v.). In vivo treatment with cloricromene (2 mg/kg/i.v.) 30 min before lipopolysaccharide administration reversed the LPS-induced loss in tone of the aortic rings, improved their reactivity to phenylephrine, decreased both nitric oxide (NO) and TNF-alpha serum levels by inhibiting LPS-induced inducible NO synthase and TNF-alpha mRNA expression, and interestingly inhibited LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation. Our data suggest that cloricromene protects rats from LPS by blocking LPS-induced NF-kappaB activation, leading to inhibition of NO and TNF-alpha overproduction and thereby reversing the LPS-induced vascular hyporeactivity.