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Drug-Target Interaction

Drug

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PubChem ID:65016
Structure:
Synonyms:
(3S)-Tetrahydro-3-furanyl ((1S,2R)-3-(((4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl)(2-methylpropyl)amino)-2-hydroxy-1-(phenylmethyl)propyl)carbamate
(3S)-Tetrahydro-3-furyl ((alphaS)-alpha-((1R-1-hydroxy-2-(N(sup 1)-isobutylsulfanilamido)ethyl)phenethyl)carbamate
(3S)-tetrahydro-3-furyl N-[(1S,2R)-3-(4-amino-N-isobutylbenzenesulfonamido)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxy-propyl]carbamate
(3S)-tetrahydrofuran-3-yl [(1S,2R)-3-{[(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl](2-methylpropyl)amino}-1-benzyl-2-hydroxypropyl]carbamate
(3S-(3R*(1R*,2S*)))-(3-(((4-Aminophenyl)sulfonyl)(2-methylpropyl)amino)-2-hydroxy-1-(phenylmethyl)propyl) tetrahydro-3-furanyl carbamate
141W94
161814-49-9
1hpv
1t7j
4-Amino-N-((2 syn,3S)-2-hydroxy-4-phenyl-3-((S)-tetrahydrofuran-3-yloxycarbonylamino)-butyl)-N-isobutyl-benzenesulfonamide
Agenerase
Agenerase (TM)
Agenerase (TN)
AIDS-006080
AIDS-072901
AIDS-224017
AIDS-224024
AIDS006080
AIDS072901
AIDS224017
AIDS224024
AMP
Amprenavir
Amprenavir (JAN/USAN/INN)
Amprenavir [USAN]
AMV
APV
C08086
C095108
C25H35N3O6S
Carbamic acid,
Carbamic acid, ((1S,2R)-3-(((4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl)(2-methylpropyl)amino)-2-hydroxy-1-(phenylmethyl)propyl)-, (3S)-tetrahydro-3-furanyl ester
Carbamic acid, (3-(((4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl)(2-methylpropyl)amino)-2-hydroxy-1-(phenylmethyl)propyl)-, tetrahydro-3-furanyl ester, (3S-(3R*(1S*,2R*)))-
CHEBI:40050
D00894
DB00701
DRG-0258
Glaxo Wellcome brand of amprenavir
GlaxoSmithKline brand of amprenavir
GNA & Amprenavir
HHA & Amprenavir
HSDB 7157
KVX-478
LS-173559
NCGC00159461-02
NCGC00159461-03
Prozei
Tetrahydro-3-furyl N-(3-(4-amino-N-isobutylbenzenesulfonamido)-1-benzyl-2-hydroxypropyl)carbamate
Vertex
Vertex VX478
VX 478
VX-478
VX478
ZINC03809192
[(3S)-oxolan-3-yl] N-[(2S,3R)-4-[(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl-(2-methylpropyl)amino]-3-hydroxy-1-phenylbutan-2-yl]carbamate
{3-[(4-AMINO-BENZENESULFONYL)-ISOBUTYL-AMINO]-1-BENZYL-2-HYDROXY-PROPYL}-CARBAMIC ACID TETRAHYDRO-FURAN-3-YL ESTER
ATC-Codes:

Target

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Uniprot ID:CP2B6_HUMAN
Synonyms:
CYPIIB6
Cytochrome P450 2B6
P450 IIB1
EC-Numbers:1.14.14.1
Organism:Homo sapiens
Human
PDB IDs:-

Binding Affinities:

Ki: Kd:Ic 50:Ec50/Ic50:
----
----
----

References:

11159797
Ritonavir, efavirenz, and nelfinavir inhibit CYP2B6 activity in vitro: potential drug interactions with bupropion.. L M Hesse; L L von Moltke; R I Shader; D J Greenblatt (2001) Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals display abstract
Since antiretroviral drugs are known to inhibit many cytochrome P450 isoforms, the inhibition of CYP2B6 by non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and viral protease inhibitors was studied in vitro in human liver microsomes using bupropion hydroxylation as the CYP2B6 index reaction. Mean IC(50) values (microM) for inhibition of bupropion hydroxylation were: nelfinavir (2.5), ritonavir (2.2), and efavirenz (5.5). The reaction was only weakly inhibited by indinavir, saquinavir, amprenavir, delavirdine, and nevirapine. The inhibition of bupropion hydroxylation in vitro by nelfinavir, ritonavir, and efavirenz indicates inhibitory potency versus CYP2B6 and suggests the potential for clinical drug interactions.
16433896
Differential inhibition of cytochrome P450 3A4, 3A5 and 3A7 by five human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitors in vitro.. Marika T Granfors; Jun-Sheng Wang; Lauri I Kajosaari; Jouko Laitila; Pertti J Neuvonen; Janne T Backman (2006) Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology display abstract
The effects of five HIV protease inhibitors (amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir and saquinavir) on cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, 3A5 and 3A7 activities were studied in vitro using testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation in recombinant CYP3A4, CYP3A5 and CYP3A7 enzymes. The protease inhibitors showed differential inhibitory effects on the three CYP3A forms. Ritonavir and saquinavir were non-selective and preferential inhibitors of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 (K(i) 0.03 microM and 0.6-0.8 microM for ritonavir and saquinavir, respectively), and weaker inhibitors of CYP3A7 (K(i) 0.6 microM and 1.8 microM, respectively). Nelfinavir was a potent and non-selective inhibitor of all three CYP3A forms (K(i) 0.3-0.4 microM). Amprenavir and indinavir preferentially inhibited CYP3A4 (K(i) 0.1 microM and 0.2 microM, respectively), with weaker inhibitory effects on CYP3A5 (K(i) 0.5 microM and 2.2 microM, respectively) and CYP3A7 (K(i) 2.1 microM and 10.6 microM, respectively). In conclusion, significant differences exist in the inhibitory potency of protease inhibitors for different CYP3A forms. Ritonavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir and amprenavir seem to be prone to drug-drug interactions by inhibiting both CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. Especially nelfinavir and ritonavir also have a potential to inhibit foetal CYP3A7-mediated drug metabolism and some endogenous pathways that may be crucial to normal foetal development, while indinavir has the lowest potential to inhibit CYP3A5 and CYP3A7.
9649346
Metabolism of amprenavir in liver microsomes: role of CYP3A4 inhibition for drug interactions.. C J Decker; L M Laitinen; G W Bridson; S A Raybuck; R D Tung; P R Chaturvedi (1998) Journal of pharmaceutical sciences display abstract
Amprenavir (141W94, VX-478, KVX-478) is metabolized primarily by CYP3A4 (cytochrome P450 3A4) in recombinant systems and human liver microsomes (HLM). The effects of ketoconazole, terfenadine, astemizole, rifampicin, methadone, and rifabutin upon amprenavir metabolism were examined in vitro using HLM. Ketoconazole, terfenadine, and astemizole were observed to inhibit amprenavir depletion, consistent with their known specificity for CYP3A4. The HIV protease inhibitors, indinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, and nelfinavir, were included in incubations containing amprenavir to examine the interactions of HIV protease inhibitors in vitro. The order of amprenavir metabolism inhibition in human liver microsomes was observed to be: ritonavir > indinavir > nelfinavir > saquinavir. The Ki value for amprenavir-mediated inhibition of testosterone hydroxylation in human liver microsomes was found to be approximately 0.5 microM. Studies suggest that amprenavir inhibits CYP3A4 to a greater extent than saquinavir, and to a much lesser extent than ritonavir. Amprenavir, nelfinavir, and indinavir appear to inhibit CYP3A4 to a moderate extent, suggesting a selected number of coadministration restrictions.