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|Butanediamide, N(sup 4)-hydroxy-N(sup 1)-(2-(methylamino)-2-oxo-1-(phenylmethyl)ethyl)-2-(2-methylpropyl)-3-((2-thienylthio)methyl)-, (2R-(1(S*),2R*,3S*))-|
|Butanediamide, N4-hydroxy-N1-(2-(methylamino)-2-oxo-1-(phenylmethyl)ethyl)-2-(2-methylpropyl)-3-((2-thienylthio)methyl)-, (2R-(1(S*),2R*,3S*))-|
|Ki: ||Kd:||Ic 50:||Ec50/Ic50:|
Combined treatment with serine protease inhibitor aprotinin and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor Batimastat (BB-94) does not prevent invasion of human esophageal and ovarian carcinoma cells in vivo.. P Della Porta; R Soeltl; H W Krell; K Collins; M O'Donoghue; M Schmitt; A Krüger (1999) Anticancer research display abstract
Many studies have highlighted the role played by matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and -9, by serine proteases uPA and plasmin in tumor cell invasion. This study investigates the impact of the MMP-inhibitor Batimastat and/or the serine protease inhibitor Aprotinin on the in vitro proteolytic activity and in vivo invasive behavior the of esophageal (OC1) and ovarian (OVCAR-3) carcinoma cells. In presence and absence of inhibitors, proteolytic activity of the tumor cells was determined by caseinolytic and collagenolytic in vitro assays and tumor cell invasion by intraperitoneal inoculation of the tumor cells into nude mice. In vitro, Aprotinin, tested alone or in combination with Batimastat, efficiently inhibited degradation of collagen IV and casein by the tumor cells. Batimastat alone had no effect on caseinolytic activities and only partially blocked collagen-type-IV-degradation by the tumor cells. In vivo, Aprotinin tested alone or in combination with Batimastat did not prevent tumor cell invasion. Treatment of tumor bearing mice with Batimastat significantly inhibited tumor growth but promoted tumor cell invasion into the liver. Our findings demonstrate that the inhibition pattern of cellular proteolytic activity achieved in vitro by a serine protease and an MMP inhibitor may lead to predictions that are not necessarily verified in vivo and may even have adverse effects.
Modulation of airway remodeling-associated mediators by the antifibrotic compound, pirfenidone, and the matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, batimastat, during acute lung injury in mice.. M Corbel; J Lanchou; N Germain; Y Malledant; E Boichot; V Lagente (2001) European journal of pharmacology display abstract
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are potent to degrade basement membrane collagen associated with acute lung injury in inflammatory processes. We have investigated effects of pirfenidone, antifibrotic agent, and batimastat, inhibitor of MMPs, on gelatinase activities, on release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), as well as on recruitment of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid after aerosol administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. Pretreatment with pirfenidone reduced neutrophil recruitment, TNF-alpha and TGF-beta levels, and MMP-9 secretion. In contrast, pretreatment with batimastat (30 or 60 mg/kg, i.p.) only reduced TNF-alpha and TGF-beta levels. Batimastat did not reduce MMP secretion in BAL fluid but inhibited MMP-9 activity. The increase in tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 induced by LPS was not modified by the two drugs. These findings demonstrate that the two drugs can inhibit the in vivo increase in MMP induced by LPS, batimastat with a direct inhibitor effect on MMP activity and pirfenidone as a consequence of its antiinflammatory effect.
Role for matrix metalloproteinase-2 in oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced activation of the sphingomyelin/ceramide pathway and smooth muscle cell proliferation.. Nathalie Augé; Françoise Maupas-Schwalm; Meyer Elbaz; Jean-Claude Thiers; Axel Waysbort; Shigeyoshi Itohara; Hans-Willi Krell; Robert Salvayre; Anne Nègre-Salvayre (2004) Circulation display abstract
BACKGROUND: Oxidized LDLs (oxLDLs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are present in atherosclerotic lesions. OxLDLs activate various signaling pathways potentially involved in atherogenesis. OxLDLs induce smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation mediated by the activation of the sphingomyelin/ceramide pathway and tyrosine kinase receptors. MMPs are also able to induce SMC migration and proliferation in addition to extracellular matrix degradation. The present study was designed to investigate whether MMPs play a role in the mitogenic effect of oxLDLs. METHODS AND RESULTS: OxLDLs induce the release of activated MMP-2 in SMC culture medium. MMP-2 was identified by its 65-kDa gelatinase activity on zymography and by using specific blocking antibodies and MMP-2-/- cells. MMP inhibitors (batimastat and Ro28-2653) and the blocking antibodies anti-MMP-2 and anti-membrane type 1-MMP inhibited the oxLDL-induced sphingomyelin/ceramide pathway activation and subsequent activation of ERK1/2 and DNA synthesis but did not inhibit the oxLDL-induced epidermal growth factor receptor and platelet-derived growth factor receptor activation. Exogenously added activated MMP-2 or membrane type 1-MMP-1 triggered the activation of both sphingomyelin/ceramide and ERK1/2 pathways and DNA synthesis. Conversely, suppression of MMP-2 expression in MMP-2-/- cells or in SMCs treated by small-interference RNA also blocked both sphingomyelin/ceramide signaling and DNA synthesis. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these data demonstrate that MMP-2 plays a pivotal role in oxLDL-induced activation of the sphingomyelin/ceramide signaling pathway and subsequent SMC proliferation. These pathways may constitute a potential therapeutic target for modulating the oxLDL-induced proliferation of SMCs in atherosclerosis or restenosis.