Combined treatment with serine protease inhibitor aprotinin and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor Batimastat (BB-94) does not prevent invasion of human esophageal and ovarian carcinoma cells in vivo.. P Della Porta; R Soeltl; H W Krell; K Collins; M O'Donoghue; M Schmitt; A Krüger (1999) Anticancer research display abstract
Many studies have highlighted the role played by matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and -9, by serine proteases uPA and plasmin in tumor cell invasion. This study investigates the impact of the MMP-inhibitor Batimastat and/or the serine protease inhibitor Aprotinin on the in vitro proteolytic activity and in vivo invasive behavior the of esophageal (OC1) and ovarian (OVCAR-3) carcinoma cells. In presence and absence of inhibitors, proteolytic activity of the tumor cells was determined by caseinolytic and collagenolytic in vitro assays and tumor cell invasion by intraperitoneal inoculation of the tumor cells into nude mice. In vitro, Aprotinin, tested alone or in combination with Batimastat, efficiently inhibited degradation of collagen IV and casein by the tumor cells. Batimastat alone had no effect on caseinolytic activities and only partially blocked collagen-type-IV-degradation by the tumor cells. In vivo, Aprotinin tested alone or in combination with Batimastat did not prevent tumor cell invasion. Treatment of tumor bearing mice with Batimastat significantly inhibited tumor growth but promoted tumor cell invasion into the liver. Our findings demonstrate that the inhibition pattern of cellular proteolytic activity achieved in vitro by a serine protease and an MMP inhibitor may lead to predictions that are not necessarily verified in vivo and may even have adverse effects.
Modulation of airway remodeling-associated mediators by the antifibrotic compound, pirfenidone, and the matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor, batimastat, during acute lung injury in mice.. M Corbel; J Lanchou; N Germain; Y Malledant; E Boichot; V Lagente (2001) European journal of pharmacology display abstract
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are potent to degrade basement membrane collagen associated with acute lung injury in inflammatory processes. We have investigated effects of pirfenidone, antifibrotic agent, and batimastat, inhibitor of MMPs, on gelatinase activities, on release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), as well as on recruitment of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid after aerosol administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. Pretreatment with pirfenidone reduced neutrophil recruitment, TNF-alpha and TGF-beta levels, and MMP-9 secretion. In contrast, pretreatment with batimastat (30 or 60 mg/kg, i.p.) only reduced TNF-alpha and TGF-beta levels. Batimastat did not reduce MMP secretion in BAL fluid but inhibited MMP-9 activity. The increase in tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 induced by LPS was not modified by the two drugs. These findings demonstrate that the two drugs can inhibit the in vivo increase in MMP induced by LPS, batimastat with a direct inhibitor effect on MMP activity and pirfenidone as a consequence of its antiinflammatory effect.