Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase inhibitors reproduce the selective antiproliferative effects of imatinib on chronic myeloid leukaemia progenitor cells.. S B Marley; J L Lewis; H Schneider; C E Rudd; M Y Gordon (2004) British journal of haematology display abstract
We investigated the role of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K) pathway in regulating the proliferation of primary chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) progenitor cells by using imatinib to inhibit the activity of p210(Bcr-Abl). The effect of imatinib on the expression of PI-3K pathway proteins was investigated by kinase assays and Western blotting; PI-3K was inhibited by wortmannin or LY294002, Jak2 by AG490 and farnesylation by FTI II; progenitor cell proliferation (self-renewal) was measured by growing myeloid colonies in vitro, then replating them to observe secondary colony formation. Suppression of p210(Bcr-Abl) with imatinib indirectly suppressed the activity of PI-3K and its downstream targets (Erk, Akt and p70S6 kinase), thereby implicating the PI-3K pathway in p210(Bcr-Abl)-mediated signalling in primary CML progenitor cells. The PI-3K inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002 reproduced the differential effects of imatinib on normal and CML progenitor cell proliferation in vitro by increasing normal cell (P = 0.001) and reducing CML cell proliferation (P = 0.0003). This differential effect was attributable to dysregulated signalling by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in CML. The responses of individual patient's cells to wortmannin correlated with their responses to imatinib (P = 0.004) but not their responses to AG490 (Jak2 kinase inhibitor) or FTI II (farnesyltransferase inhibitor). Individual responses to wortmannin also correlated with responses to interferon alpha (IFNalpha) (P = 0.016). Imatinib-resistant K562 cells were sensitive to LY294002. Inhibition of the PI-3K pathway may be common to imatinib and IFNalpha and reflect dysregulated cytokine signalling. As imatinib-resistant cells remained sensitive to wortmannin and LY294002, targeting the PI-3K pathway may provide an alternative therapy for imatinib-resistant patients.