Selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, inhibits the replicative senescence of cultured dermal fibroblasts.. Ji Hyun Han; Min Soo Roh; Chi-Hyun Park; Kyung Chan Park; Kwang Hyun Cho; Kyu Han Kim; Hee Chul Eun; Jin Ho Chung (2004) Mechanisms of ageing and development display abstract
Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) is known to be increased in aged cells. Recent studies suggest that the increased expression of COX-2 may be involved in the pathogenesis of age-associated diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. We investigated the role of COX-2 in cell cycle arrest and collagen deficiency during the aging process. Using the replicative senescence model of dermal fibroblasts, we demonstrated the increased expression of COX-2 and increased PGE(2) levels associated with replicative senescence. Replicative senescent cells showed a decreased ability to induce cell proliferation, probably due to the increased expression of the p53 protein and the decreased expression of the PCNA protein, and also showed increased expression of MMP-1, and decreased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and procollagen. The selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, can inhibit the senescence-associated increases of COX-2, PGE(2), p53 and MMP-1 expression, and the senescence-associated decreases of PCNA, TIMP-1 and procollagen expression. These results suggest that the increased level of COX-2 and higher level of PGE(2) in aged cells may play an important role in cellular senescence, and that selective COX-2 inhibitors may be useful for the intervention of skin aging.