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Drug-Target Interaction

Drug

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PubChem ID:443380
Structure:
Synonyms:
123122-54-3
4-[[1-[(2S)-3-hydroxy-2-(2-methoxyethoxymethyl)-3-oxopropyl]cyclopentaneca
AC1L9EK5
Candoxatrilat
Candoxatrilat (USAN/INN)
candoxatrilate
CHEBI:3354
CHEMBL434492
D03349
UK-73967

Target

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Uniprot ID:NEP_RAT
Synonyms:
Atriopeptidase
CD10
Enkephalinase
NEP
Neprilysin
Neutral endopeptidase
Neutral endopeptidase 24.11
EC-Numbers:3.4.24.11
Organism:Rat
Rattus norvegicus
PDB IDs:-

Binding Affinities:

Ki: Kd:Ic 50:Ec50/Ic50:
----
--38-

References:

1835825
Neutral endopeptidase 24.11 inhibition reduces pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats exposed to chronic hypoxia.. R J Winter; L Zhao; T Krausz; J M Hughes (1991) The American review of respiratory disease display abstract
Inhibition of the metabolism of endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), by continuous infusion of a specific inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase (membrane metalloendopeptidase E.C. 3.4.24.11), UK 73,967 (candoxatrilat), was undertaken in rats, in which chronic hypoxia was used as a stimulus to induce pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy. Inhibition of neutral endopeptidase 24.11 with low-dose and high-dose UK 73,967 (NEI) increased endogenous plasma ANP by greater than 155% during the development of pulmonary hypertension. NEI treatment reduced mean pulmonary arterial pressure in hypoxia as follows: vehicle 26.6 +/- 4.0 mm Hg; low-dose NEI 22.7 +/- 1.9 mm Hg, and high-dose NEI 22.6 +/- 2.5 mm Hg (both p less than 0.01 compared with hypoxic vehicle); however, it was without effect on pulmonary arterial pressure in normoxia (17.6 +/- 2.2 mm Hg) or on systemic blood pressure. The development of right ventricular hypertrophy was also reduced in both groups treated with NEI (right ventricular weight/left ventricular weight: 0.43 +/- 0.03 vehicle; 0.40 +/- 0.02 low-dose NEI and 0.40 +/- 0.02 high-dose NEI, both p less than 0.05 compared with vehicle). Remodelling of the pulmonary vasculature, characterized by extension of the muscle within the small pulmonary arteries toward the periphery of the lung, was reduced by NEI treatment (percentage of thick-walled peripheral vessels; 19.2 +/- 3.1% vehicle; 10.4 +/- 2.3% low-dose NEI and 8.1 +/- 1.8% high-dose NEI, both p less than 0.001 compared with vehicle). In the isolated blood perfused rat lung pulsed doses of NEI had no effect on pulmonary vascular tone in the absence of ANP. Specific inhibition of the enzyme neutral endopeptidase reduces vascular remodelling, the development of pulmonary hypertension, and right ventricular hypertrophy. Endogenous ANP modulates vascular remodelling in vivo. Retarding the metabolism of endogenous ANP through inhibition of neutral endopeptidase 24.11 represents a potential approach toward therapy. g