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Drug-Target Interaction

Drug

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PubChem ID:4369440
Structure:
Synonyms:
(2S)-2-chloro-2-(difluoromethoxy)-1,1,1-trifluoroethane
1-CHLORO-2,2,2-TRIFLUOROETHYL DIFLUOROMETHYL ETHER
AC1NA03C
CHEBI:47480
CHEMBL1233538
CID4369440
ICF
ISOFLURANE
ZINC03812960
ATC-Codes:
Side-Effects:
Side-EffectFrequency
hepatic necrosis0.0010
hepatic failure0.0010
arrhythmia0
vomiting0
increased salivation0
nausea0
malignant hyperthermia0
jaundice0
hypotension0
hyperkalemia0
hyperglycemia0
hiccup0
hepatitis0
hallucinations0
delirium0
cough0
excitement0

Target

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Uniprot ID:Q62710_RAT
Synonyms:
Nitric oxide synthase
EC-Numbers:-
Organism:Rat
Rattus norvegicus
PDB IDs:-

Binding Affinities:

Ki: Kd:Ic 50:Ec50/Ic50:
----

References:

10473281
Inhibition of excitatory neurotransmitter-nitric oxide signaling pathway by inhalational anesthetics.. Z Zuo; A Tichotsky; R A Johns (1999) Neuroscience display abstract
Primary cultures of cerebral neurons of Sprague-Dawley rats increased cyclic GMP production in response to the stimulation of excitatory amino acids, including N-methyl-D-aspartate, quisqualate, kainate and (+/-)-1-aminocylopentane-trans-1,3-dicarboxylic acid. This increased cyclic GMP production was significantly inhibited by halothane or isoflurane at clinically relevant concentrations (0.5-2%). This inhibition was reversible by treatment with L-arginine, the substrate of nitric oxide synthase. However, the increase of cyclic GMP production stimulated by sodium nitroprusside, an activator of soluble guanylate cyclase, was not inhibited by halothane or isoflurane. Neither halothane nor isoflurane affected the basal cyclic GMP production. Activation of the excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter-stimulated nitric oxide-guanylate cyclase signaling pathway increases intracellular cyclic GMP content in neurons. Our results suggest that halothane or isoflurane inhibited this signaling pathway stimulated by selective agonists of each subtype of receptors for excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters. This inhibition may be involved in mechanisms of anesthesia and analgesia. The site(s) of the inhibition is (are) proximal to the activation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase.