Effects of thioridazine, an inhibitor of CYP2D6, on the steady-state plasma concentrations of the enantiomers of mianserin and its active metabolite, desmethylmianserin, in depressed Japanese patients.. N Yasui; G Tybring; K Otani; K Mihara; A Suzuki; J O Svensson; S Kaneko (1997) Pharmacogenetics display abstract
The antidepressant mianserin is administered as a racemate of the S(+)- and R(-)-enantiomers. Previous in-vitro studies have suggested that CYP2D6 is involved in the stereoselective metabolism of mianserin and its active metabolite, desmethylmianserin. To determine a role for CYP2D6 in vivo, the effects of thioridazine, an inhibitor of CYP2D6, on the steady-state plasma concentrations of the enantiomers of mianserin and desmethylmianserin were examined in 13 depressed Japanese patients. All patients were taking 30 mg of racemic mianserin at bedtime for 8-50 days. Thioridazine (40 mg/day) was coadministered for 1 week, and blood samplings were performed before and after thioridazine coadministration, 12 h after bedtime dosing. Plasma concentrations of the enantiomers of mianserin and desmethylmianserin were measured by HPLC, and the CYP2D6 genotype was determined by allele-specific PCR analysis. Thioridazine significantly increased plasma concentration of S(+)-mianserin (mean SD: 78.2 +/- 35.0 vs. 150.8 +/- 48.7 nM, P < 0.001), but not R(-)-mianserin (39.8 +/- 21.2 vs. 39.5 +/- 20.6 nM, NS). Thioridazine also significantly increased plasma concentrations of both S-desmethylmianserin (11.9 +/- 2.8 vs. 24.4 +/- 10.7 nM, P < 0.01) and R-desmethylmianserin (42.6 +/- 28.4 vs. 115.6 +/- 36.9 nM, P < 0.001). One patient homozygous for the defective allele CYP2D6*5 had the second highest and highest plasma concentrations of S(+)-mianserin and R-desmethylmianserin, respectively, before thioridazine coadministration, and exhibited little increase in plasma concentration of the drugs after thioridazine coadministration. These results suggest that thioridazine specifically inhibits the metabolism of S(+)-mianserin and R-desmethylmianserin, probably through inhibition of CYP2D6, but not R(-)-mianserin.