Involvement of Rho-kinase in vascular remodeling caused by long-term inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis in rats.. I Ikegaki; T Hattori; T Yamaguchi; Y Sasaki; S I Satoh; T Asano; H Shimokawa (2001) European journal of pharmacology display abstract
Long-term inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) induces coronary vascular remodeling in rats. To determine the pathogenic mechanism involved in vascular remodeling, we examined the effects of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, on vascular lesion formation. In rats treated with L-NAME at 10 mg/kg/day, vascular remodeling was evident in both large and small coronary arteries at the fourth week. Fasudil (3 mg/kg, p.o., twice daily) markedly prevented the development of vascular remodeling in small coronary arteries. Coronary flow was measured in Langendorff perfused isolated heart preparations. Long-term treatment with L-NAME caused a significant decrease in coronary flow, which was significantly inhibited by fasudil. Fasudil suppressed the structural and functional changes in coronary arteries by chronic blockade of NO synthesis. Thus, the Rho-kinase pathway may be substantially involved in the pathogenesis of vascular remodeling in this rat model.