|show drug details|
|Ki: ||Kd:||Ic 50:||Ec50/Ic50:|
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated inhibition of LNCaP prostate cancer cell growth and hormone-induced transactivation.. Derek Morrow; Chunhua Qin; Roger Smith3rd; Stephen Safe (2004) The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology display abstract
LNCaP prostate cancer cells express the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), and treatment with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induces CYP1A1 protein and an Ah-responsive reporter gene. Similar results were obtained with the selective AhR modulator 6-methyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran (6-MCDF); however, TCDD but not 6-MCDF induced degradation of the AhR protein. TCDD and 6-MCDF inhibited growth of LNCaP cells, and inhibitory AhR-androgen receptor (AR) crosstalk was investigated in cells transfected with constructs containing the androgen-responsive probasin promoter (-288 to +28) (pPB) or three copies of the -244 to -96 region of this promoter (pARR(3)). Ten nanomolar dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and 17 beta-estradiol (E2) induced transactivation in LNCaP cells transfected with pPB or pARR(3); however, inhibitory AhR-AR crosstalk was observed only with the latter construct. 6-MCDF and TCDD did not inhibit DHT- or E2-induced transactivation in ZR-75 human breast cancer cells, indicating that these interactions were promoter and cell context-dependent. Both E2 and DHT stabilized AR protein in LNCaP cells; however, cotreatment with TCDD or 6-MCDF decreased AR protein levels. These results indicate that inhibitory AhR-AR crosstalk in prostate cancer cells is complex and for some responses, AR protein stability may play a role.
Mechanism of action of alpha-naphthoflavone as an Ah receptor antagonist in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.. M Merchant; V Krishnan; S Safe (1993) Toxicology and applied pharmacology display abstract
alpha-Naphthoflavone (alpha NF) and 6-methyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran (MCDF) inhibited 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced CYP1A1 gene expression in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells and also decreased the accumulation of the nuclear [3H]TCDD-aryl hydrocarbon (Ah) receptor complex. Nuclear extracts from cells treated with 10(-6) M alpha NF and incubated with a dioxin responsive element (DRE, 26-mer) did not form a retarded band in a gel mobility shift assay. In contrast, incubation of nuclear extracts from cells treated with 10(-6) M MCDF and DRE gave a retarded band and this is consistent with the antiestrogenic and Ah receptor agonist activity of MCDF in human breast cancer cells. alpha NF was further investigated as an Ah receptor antagonist by determining the inhibition by alpha NF of TCDD-induced antiestrogenicity in MCF-7 cells. TCDD (10(-9) M) inhibited the 17 beta-estradiol-induced proliferation of MCF-7 cells and the secretion of the 52-kDa protein. In cotreatment studies, alpha NF (10(-8) to 10(-6) M) caused a concentration-dependent decrease in the antiestrogenic responses elicited by TCDD. In addition, alpha NF inhibited the TCDD-induced down-regulation of nuclear estrogen receptor levels in MCF-7 cells. alpha NF (10(-6) M) alone was inactive as an estrogen or antiestrogen and in cotreatment studies did not affect 17 beta-estradiol-induced responses in MCF-7 cells. Tamoxifen (10(-7) M), an antiestrogen which acts through the estrogen receptor, also inhibited 17 beta-estradiol-induced cell proliferation and alpha NF did not affect the tamoxifen-mediated antiproliferative response. Thus, alpha NF antagonized TCDD-induced CYP1A1 gene expression in MCF-7 cells and also acted as an anti-antiestrogen for TCDD-mediated antiestrogenicity in these cells. These results were consistent with the low levels of DRE binding observed with nuclear extracts from cells treated with 10(-9) M TCDD plus alpha NF (10(-8) to 10(-6) M) or 10(-6) M alpha NF alone. Thus, alpha NF appears to act as an Ah receptor antagonist in MCF-7 cells by decreasing the levels of transcriptionally active nuclear Ah receptor complexes.